One of the difficult things about construction for the ANA is finding suitable land. Much of the land has disputed ownership because, over the last 40 years, land has been given away by warlords, Russians, Afghans, and now much of it is squatted on my Americans or NATO forces. This Christian Science Monitor article captures the problem:
Even corrupt ANA leaders, when they aren’t shaking down construction contractors, are selling portions of their garrisons, land that isn’t their’s, to make some money on the side. Often when we start construction, we’ll run into squatters living on the sites claiming ownership.
While we may have the “rights” to construct and kick the squatters off the site, it is complicated. In our counter-insurgency operation (COIN), our goal is to gain the trust of the citizenry. Offending the locals by simply moving in with brute force will not only give the construction contractor trouble later on but also be counter-productive to engendering confidence the U.S. and the Afghan government.