Walter E. Williams addressed the potential of Libya and other Middle Eastern countries turning into democracies in his recent article Democracy is Impossible. He points out that for most of human existence personal liberty, private property rights, and rule of law were never even considered until Western Civilization cultivated the ideas.
For all those that favor nation-building in the Middle East, Dr. Williams argues it is futile:
The key point to recognize is that Western transition from barbarism to civility didn’t take place overnight; it took centuries. More importantly, for the most part Western civility and its institutions were not transplanted; they emerged from within Western civilization. Where they were successfully transplanted, it was done through Western colonialism, such as in the cases of the U.S., Canada and Australia.
Countries feeding at the trough of international generousity are even less likely to create governments respectful of liberty. Since foreign investment enables the establishment to secure their own power, securing the liberties of the governed would only be counter-productive to their own interests.
James 3:11, “Doth a fountain send forth at the same place sweet water and bitter?”